The TARTARE Scoping Workshop was held on March 3’rd- March 6’th of 2020, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as part of a 3-part series to be followed by a Risk Ranking Workshop and a Risk Prioritization Workshop. It was held as part of Objective 3 of the TARTARE project, which aims to establish risk-based food safety priorities in Ethiopia. As part of this objective, the project will develop a roadmap for a risk-based food safety system which can be used as a model for other low-and middle-income countries. This Scoping Workshop connected government stakeholders and technical advisors from 16 federal agencies engaged in food safety in Ethiopia, using a variety of facilitation techniques to give them the opportunity to work towards the identification of a shared set of priority hazards and to closely interact with participants from different agencies. This interaction is essential to foster the coordination that is needed for a strong, risk-based food safety system.
Food safety risk ranking is the systematic analysis and ordering of foodborne hazards and/or foods in terms of the public health risk, using estimates of the likelihood and severity of adverse impacts on human health.
The forthcoming Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Preliminary Guide to Ranking Food Safety Risks at the National Level identifies three iterative phases including defining the scope, developing the approach, and conducting the risk ranking analysis and report results. Each phase can be further broken down into smaller steps. For the scoping phase, which this workshop was modelled after, the three steps are to: 1.) Define purpose of the ranking; 2.) Select the foodborne hazards and foods to be ranked; and 3.) Sort identified foods and hazards into categorization schemes. This workshop also included discussion of metrics to be used.
The first goal of this workshop was to build a food safety community among the decision makers and stakeholders in Ethiopia. The second was to understand current relevant activities related to food safety and risk ranking, so that we can make connections to that work and keep the project relevant for the stakeholders. The third goal was to provide easy access to existing estimates on the burden of foodborne disease in Ethiopia by presenting country-level estimates generated by the Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG)*. The final goal was to help strengthen capacity for risk-based decision making among food safety stakeholders in Ethiopia. Thanks to exceptional engagement from participants, this workshop was a great success and sets the team up well for the Risk Ranking Workshop.
*Havelaar AH, Kirk MD, Torgerson PR, Gibb HJ, Hald T, Lake RJ, Praet N, et al. 2015. “World Health Organization Global Estimates and Regional Comparisons of the Burden of Foodborne Disease in 2010.” PLoS Medicine 12 (12): e1001923. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001923.
Click here to view the full TARTARE Scoping Workshop Stakeholder Report.
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Gendered Data Collection
In August of 2019, Ohio State University graduate student and member of the Center for Foodborne Illness, Ariel Garsow, traveled to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as part of the TARTARE project to serve as a teaching assistant for a gendered data collection course being taught at Addis Ababa University, led by TARTARE team member Dr. Kathleen Colverson of the University of Florida.
One of the activities completed during this course was the creation of a 24-hour clock to look at the differences in how small holder male and female farmers spend their time in a typical day. Men were asked to create a 24-hour clock of the typical day for a female smallholder farmer, and women were asked to do the same, but for a male smallholder farmer. The result was a pictorial representation of reality that allowed for an open discussion of gender roles and equality. This activity also helped reveal community food safety practices. Further, it can be used to see when most individuals are available to have conversations and trainings around food safety, thus increasing the potential impact that can be made.
After the training, Ariel took part in visiting several small holder dairy producers in the area surrounding Addis Ababa, including the Kersa and Wolmera woredas, to help conduct a gender analysis of the food safety practices in the dairy value chain. The goal was to be able to obtain enough information to guide development of community-specific best food handling practices. Results showed that women are primarily responsible for stall cleaning, watering, cleaning of utensils, and some feeding of animals, but less involved in grazing and veterinary care. Males were responsible for slaughtering and cutting beef and other livestock for consumption. Similarly, women have limited involvement in marketing of beef and meat products, but almost exclusive control of processing and sales of milk and dairy products.
The examination of gender roles in value chains allows for the determination of the likelihood of risk of food borne diseases by gender and aids in the creation of interventions to that target those who are more likely to be able to change behaviors to reduce foodborne contamination. Future food safety trainings need to understand these gender roles to appropriately target the correct audiences.
If you are interested in learning more about Ariel’s experience, please visit her blog post at the following link: https://foodsafety.osu.edu/blog/archive/202003